Sensible exercise can be a safe and productive undertaking for both a pregnant woman and her fetus. Unfortunately, not a single medical school in the entire United States offers a required course in pre-NATO exercise physiology for its graduates, and therefore, relatively few obstetricians have a working knowledge of what constitutes sound exercise advice. As a result, miss information and misunderstanding of bound regarding whether pregnant women should exercise during their pregnancies and, if they should, what kind of exercise prescriptions and exercise modalities are appropriate for them.
Fortunately, a growing body of evidence exists to support the belief that a pregnant woman can benefit and numerous ways from sound exercise. Exercise can reduce the severity and frequency of back pain; enhanced prenatal weight management efforts; improve coping mechanism and reduce levels of stress, anxiety and depression; improve digestion and reduce constipation; enhanced levels of energy to facilitate the ability to perform the activities of daily living (ADLs); and reduce postpartum belly.
The key to achieving the aforementioned benefits of exercising during pregnancy is to ensure that no Contraindications exist for a pregnant woman to exercise and that her exercise regimen is medically sound. Simply stated, an exercise program must not-hundred any circumstances-subject either the expected mother or her fetus to undue risk of injury or harm. Adhering to a few basic guidelines will keep the focus of a pregnant woman who wants to exercise where belongs– On safety.
Reasons to discontinue exercise seek medical advice:
- Any vaginal discharge
- Sudden swelling of the ankles, hands, and face
- Persistent, Severe headaches and/or visual disturbances; unexplained spells of faintness or dizziness
- Swelling, pain and redness in the calf of one leg (phlebitis)
- Elevation of pulse rate or blood pressure that persists after exercise
- Assess of fatigue, palpitations, chest pains
- Persistent contractions (more than 6 to 8 per hour) that may suggest onset of premature labor
- Unexplained abdominal pains
- Insufficient weight gain (less than 2.2 pounds per month during the last two trimesters)
Adherence to Strength, Cardiovascular and Flexibility Programs during Pregnancy also:
- Boosts maternal immune-system function which continues to benefit her baby after birth through breastfeeding.
- More efficiently delivers blood and oxygen to the heart and brain, enhancing concentration and energy-levels.
- Helps manage or prevent gestational diabetes.
- More effectively controls weight gain, which – in addition to physical benefits – enhances body image, confidence, and self-awareness.
- Improves posture and results in fewer aches and pains.
- Aids in quicker postpartum recovery.
- Decreases incidence of falls.
- Reduces stress, anxiety, and insomnia, imparting an overall improvement in sleeping patterns, possibly lowering risk for depression.
- A larger Placenta develops, which increases the capacity to exchange oxygen and CO2, and nutrients and waste products.
- Increases the cardiovascular capacity of the baby.